Helmet therapy is used to gently correct the shape of babies’ skulls over time. Newborn babies’ skulls are soft plates with spaces between them. As the baby grows, these plates grow, gradually harden and knit together.
Sometimes when a baby sleeps in the same position, the soft plates may develop a flat spot or uneven appearance. This common condition is called plagiocephaly, and it is not dangerous to your baby’s brain. If the condition does not resolve on its own, your pediatrician may recommend repositioning, exercises or helmet therapy.
Ankle Foot Orthoses (AFOs) are commonly used to treat a range of walking disorders caused by a variety of neurological and musculoskeletal disorders, such as stroke and multiple sclerosis. They are designed to provide support and proper joint alignment of the foot and ankle, assisting in instances of muscle weakness and helping protect the foot and leg.
AFOs are typically made of plastic, carbon-fiber, or metals, with various levels of rigidity based on the needs of the individual to help with the Rehabilitation.
Knee Ankle Foot Orthoses (KAFOs) are designed to provide support and proper joint alignment of the knee, foot and ankle, assist or substitute for muscle weakness and joint instability, and protect the lower limb.
This type of brace may be prescribed to combat the effects of muscle weakness due to a neuromuscular disorder or may be used as protection for patients who are in rehabilitation after a traumatic injury. Conditions where a KAFO may help include post-polio syndrome, multiple sclerosis, unilateral paralysis, and spinal cord injury.
Most people will experience knee pain or injury at some point in their life, and in many instances knee braces can help. They are designed to off-load areas of painful osteoarthritis or aid in the stability of the knee joint secondary to ligament injury, postoperative reconstruction, meniscus damage, and for preventative protection.
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a rehabilitation technique in which patterns of electrical stimulation are used to stimulate a nerve to help facilitate movement. Typically FES is designed to control muscles that are weak or paralyzed as a result of a neurological injury or disease that has compromised the ability of the muscles to contract appropriately on their own.
The most common use of FES is in treating muscle weakness in the leg, caused by a central nervous system disorder such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, or incomplete spinal cord injury.
Lower Limb Prosthetics
Doctors must sometimes remove a leg or foot to treat cancer. This surgery is called an amputation. After the surgery, your child can wear an artificial leg or foot, also called a prosthetic (pros-THET-ick) limb or a prosthesis (pros-THEE-sus).
Generally, children are eligible for prosthetics at the age when they are able to pull up to stand, which typically happens at 9-12 months. Once a child reaches this age, it is best to begin using a prosthetic as soon as possible so they become accustomed to the prosthesis as they develop their sense of self and physically develop from sitting to standing, to running and beyond. As a child grows, sockets may need to be changed once a year or more, and regular adjustments need to be made to keep the prosthetic in-line with their rapidly evolving physical needs.
Upper Limb Orthoses
Experiencing and exploring their environment with all the senses is especially important for children. Gripping and feeling objects with their own hands is an essential element. With the myoelectric hand system for children, We can give kids many opportunities to explore the world with their hands.
Spinal orthoses, which include neck and back orthoses, are used to support and stabilize areas of the body from the cervical to the lower back, including the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. These types of orthoses may be used postoperatively to promote proper and safe healing, to treat a chronic disease or condition such as arthritis, or used to treat an injury like whiplash.